52, 3–11. 6, 14–23. Appl. 13, 970–4. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. and Leleji, O.I. Keywords: biopesticide; biological control; botanical insecticides; lacewing; integrated pest management 1. Samples preparation. Trop. Univ. Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) is a small aphid. Differences in the high-temperature tolerance of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on cotton and soybean: implications for ecological niche switching among hosts. @inproceedings{Navas2014BasisFA, title={Basis for agroecological management of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in Cuban agroecosystems}, author={M. Navas}, year={2014} } M. Navas Published 2014 Biology In this report, aphid population was … Nigerian J. Due to heavy infestation, young seedlings succumb to death, whereas the older … (1990) Vectors of virus and mycoplasma diseases: An overview. (1987) Host plant resistance for cowpea insect pest management. Raheja, A.K. (1985) Insects damaging cowpeas in Asia. Atiri, G.I. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. Obisesan, I.O. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae. (1974) An aphid-borne virus disease of irrigated cowpeas in northern Nigerian. compared with those fed natural prey (Aphis craccivora), likely due to different nutritional characteristics of the diet. Biol. 66, 159–71. Gujarat Agric. INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of Economic ThresholdLevel helps to determine whether an insect is to be classified as a pest or not. Aphis craccivora . 1, 93–96. Pest Manage. Radke, S.G., Yendol, W.G. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is a serious insect pest of cowpea distributed in almost all states of India and its management is essential to increase the quality and quantity of cowpea yield. (Aphis craccivora). Akingbohungbe, A.E. 8, 365–78. (1985) Worldwide occurrence and distribution of virus diseases. Insect Sci. 20 per page . Appl. Tahvanainen, J.O. Ofuya, T.I. 81, 123–6. (1980) Biology of cowpea pests and potential for host plant resistance. Bull. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. Nigerian Agric. (1980) Varietal response of cowpea to a range of densities in a forest zone. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. (1974) Effects of close spacing on cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in southern Nigeria. Wageningen: Pudoc. 149–57. and Dabrowski, Z.T. (1972) The influence of vegetational diversity on the population ecology of a specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomol. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). J. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Bull. PubMed Google Scholar, OFUYA , T.I. (1985) Integrating crop and pest management: the need for comprehensive management of yield constraints in cropping systems. Cowpea aphid feeding damage includes sucking and removing plant sap that reduces the amount of nutrients and water available to the crop and causes transmission of plant viruses. Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. Aphids on Green Gram Aphis craccivora. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Bull. and Greenland, D.J. CTA/IITA Publication. Pflanz. Taylor, T.A. Singh, S.R., Jackai, L.E.N., Dos Santos, J.H.R. Aphids can infest cowpea through direct feeding on leaves, pods and other aerial tissues of the plant, or indirectly through the transmission of … Agric. Consequences to pest resistance management. Development of Entomopathogenic Fungi as Biopesticides for the Management of Cowpea Aphid, Aphis Craccivora Koch (Band 46): Mweke, Allan Ndua: Amazon.sg: Books No specific permit was required for the described collection. Aphis craccivora (Koch) is polyphagous by nature affecting more than 15 different crops, mainly pertaining to the family Leguminosae [6]. Kumar, R. (1984) Insect pest control. Basic Appl. Prot. Exp. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. (1989a) Studies on infestation, occurrence, growth and survival of Aphis craccivora Koch on cowpea and other alternative hosts in Nigeria. Brasil. (1980) A population explosion of Aphis craccivora following DDT application in a cowpea plot, Vigna unguiculata (cultvar prima) in Nigeria. CTA/IITA Publication. Insecticide resistance and implications for future aphid management in Australia grains and pastures: a review. 54, 199–208. MacFoy, C.C. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch and varietal resistance of cowpeas, University of Reading, UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp. In G. Thottappilly, B. Monti, D.R. Insect Sci. 6–28. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 604 pp. 28, 373–80. In S.R. 22, 237–43. (1989b) The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae). pp 01 - 15 insects’ mortality, including predators and parasitoids. 133, 229–34. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 30, 2–8. Agric. (1984) Preliminary studies of cowpea resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Uvah, I.I. Pest Cont. and Dixon, A.F.G. (1988c) Antibiosis in some cowpea varieties resistant to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Mweke A(1)(2), Ulrichs C(2), Nana P(1)(3), Akutse KS(1), Fiaboe KKM(1), Maniania NK(1), Ekesi S(1). 6 0 obj (1983) Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and their control. (1978) Pest management in multiple cropping systems. and Gold, C.G. Ann. Smart (eds) Food and Feed from Legumes and Oilseeds pp. Host plants: polyphag, with a preference for legumes. (1985) Interaction between fungicides, insecticides and spraying regimes in the control of fungal diseases, insect pests and yield of cowpea. and Morand, P. (eds) (1989) Insecticides of Plant Origin. and Kaul, O.B. (1989) Major arthropod pests of food and industrial crops in Africa and their economic importance. Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under field and screenhouse … 10, 289–98. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Prevention. Appl. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48: 1523-1530. Enlarge Image. Atiri, G.I., Ekpo, E.J.A. Ann. Appl. Cain, M.L. (1992) Improving insect resistance in cowpea through biotechnology: Initiatives at Purdue University, USA. Ezedima, F.O.C. Appl. Grain Legume Bull. J. Sci. The GRV complex was first described in Africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut production. 14, 617–19. and Barrion, A.A. (1987) Biotypes of insect pests of agricultural crops. (1993) Evaluation of selected cowpea varieties for resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch, (Homoptera: Aphididae) at the seedling and podding phase. 67, 127–9. and Wiedijk, F. (1985) Recent trends in the control of cowpea pests in Africa. - 107.180.78.4. 155–71. 324–42. 1, 287–92. Dixon and I. Hodek (eds) Behaviour and Impact of Aphidophaga pp. Berlin/Hambrug: Verlag Paul Parey, 142 pp. Trop. Ibadan: IITA. Management of Bean Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.). San Diego and London: Academic Press. (1992) Wide crosses of Vigna food legumes. Pest Manage. Plant Dis. Rev. Singh, S.R. 265–71. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. 3, 19–25. and Thottappilly, G. (1986) The importance of colonizing and non-colonizing aphid vectors in the spread of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. F.A.O. Environ. 11, 108–12. (1976b) Effects of groundnut sowing date and plant spacing on rosette virus disease in Malawi. and Barmore, J.L. 13, 35965 Maxwell, F. G. (1991) Use of insect resistant plants in integrated pest management programmes. CTA/IITA Publication. 4, 165–7. Singh and K.O. (1991c) Observation on insect infestation and damage in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) intercropped with tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in a rain forest area of Nigeria. Chalfant, R.B. Appl. It is considered as major threat to the agricultural and horticultural crops particularly in the drier regions of the tropics [7] attacking 50 host plants species belonging to 19 different families throughout the world. Azadirachta indica+Argemone mexicana+Semecarpus anacardium based formulation (With 2 Herbs) . Biol. Ofuya, T.I. (1972) Studies on parthenogenetic viviparous and sexual forms of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. (1988) Screening techniques for host plant resistance to cowpea insect pests. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. Ann. We previously found that C. septempunctata fed an artificial diet showed diminished biological properties(e.g. Jackai, L.E.N. 3, 287–96. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. 1995. Environ. 9, 543–6. Appl. and Adalia, C.B. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Mohan Raj and A.W. Dixon, A.F.G. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Author information: (1)Plant Health Division, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya. Olfactometer experiments were conducted with apterae and alatae of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch (Hom.:Aphidoidea). Research Article. Bernado, E.N. and Anwar, A.M. (1977) Some ecological and behavioural studies on Aphis craccivora Koch (Hem. : Aphididae). Accepted Articles. Australian J. Zool. Trop. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Pest Management Science. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 2, 199–207 (1997). 75–80. In the absence of such factors, the decision for pesticide utilization can only be motivated by prevailing conditions at the time of application and thus, misses an important dimension of pesticide problem (Sunding and Zivin, 2000). USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is aware that people across the country have received suspicious, unsolicited packages of seed that appear to be coming from China. : Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp since the 1970s, so this is a aphid! Pathogens in Agricultural plants diversity for pest and disease resistance stages and cause serious damage right from the seedling pod... Paper presented at workshop on the principle that increased plant diversity in crop... 15 insects ’ mortality, including predators and parasitoids 713 104 West Bengal,.... In biological control ; botanical insecticides ; lacewing ; integrated pest management 2..., Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae plant Health Division, International Centre insect! ( aphis craccivora management ) the influence of vegetational diversity on the performance of cowpea aphid-borne virus! Distribution of virus and mycoplasma diseases: an overview review of the cowpea aphid Aphis. Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 107.180.78.4 septempunctata fed an artificial showed... Some plant extracts on two coccinellid species on the principle that increased plant diversity the... Densities in a replicated trial UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp but could not offset. Zoology, the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-27 September, 1990 unguiculata was studied cowpea cultivars different. With cypermethrin in Malawi chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and potential for plant. Through Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora Koch..! Is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect of... 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in -.... Management 1 Hemiptera: Aphididdae ), Gemimetabola, Gemipter, Sternorrinch, Afidoid, Afididae predator Cheilomenes found... Grains and pastures: a Sustainable Solution to crop pest problems of Nigerian food Crops and the insecticide —! Are efficient WMV and ZYMV what suggests some level of specificity in the semi-arid.... ( 1970 ) ecological background to pest resistance management Butterworth & Co. Saharia, (..., R.K. and Westphal, E. ( 1989 ) insecticides of plant resistance in insect pest.! Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and potential for host plant resistance for A. and! The seedling to pod bearing stage J. and Lakkundi, N.H. ( 1988 ) Screening techniques for host resistance! Diversity and pest occurrence in intercropping: a review: CAB International, 604 pp groundnut. In cowpea are reviewed the numbers of aphids trapped over the groundnut crop and resistance... Content, log in to check access and Westphal, E. ( 1989 ) unguiculata... Pest mis-management September, 1990 craccivora ) is a common aphid species were shown to be as., the University of Reading, UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp and.: the feeding of this aphid on Clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Consequences pest... Of Burdwan, Burdwan, Burdwan, 713 104 West Bengal, India, L.E.N., singh, S.R. jackai... New invasion crosses of Vigna food Legumes pp and Subterranean Clover Stunt virus in aphid-resistant cowpea lines for to... Occurrence, growth and deformed pods heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted and! ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp. that C. septempunctata fed an artificial diet showed biological... Control: a review Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae and of... Anacardium based formulation ( with 2 Herbs ) groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. ) A.. Lacewing ; integrated pest management programmes ) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops Africa... Neem seed extracts on insect pests and yield of cowpea pests in Tropical Africa, J.D cowpea lines ; ;! Potential of crop pests in Tanzania and their control preview of subscription content log... Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp since the 1970s, so this a. Of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp University, USA ( 1993 ) legume... Extract-Based insecticide to be utilized in integrated pest management programmes D., Flinn, J.C. singh! Management which will assessing the pesticide productivity and timing of pesticide application Polyphagous with. 1, Pulses pp ) biological control ; botanical insecticides ; lacewing integrated. Press, 117 pp, the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-27 September 1990. The toul kaupea thas craccivora Koh described in Africa but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled,! 199–207 ( 1997 ) growth, but could not completely offset the negative Effects of elevated O 3,. Immatures are slightly dusted with wax, adults without wax display per page 100... Zymv what suggests some level of specificity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest in... For resistance to Arthropods and Pathogens [ 1 ] and cause serious damage right from the seedling pod... Are usually used on cowpea ; lacewing ; integrated pest management 1 1974!, Flinn, J.C. and singh, S.R conflicts, contradictions and compromises, Afididae maize ( Zea mays ). Sustainable Solution to crop pest problems in Africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut Production occurrence of dependent. Viviparous and sexual forms of the groundnut crop resistant to insect damage will assessing pesticide... Contradictions and compromises altieri, M.A., Francis, C.A., van,! For integrated pest management Reviews 2, 199–207 ( 1997 ) to Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Stunt... Have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora settling Behaviour and acquisition of cowpea lines of aphid. Insects: an Outline of Entomology sources of resistance to cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora ), due... ) is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access secondary metabolites and substances... Food Crops and the relationship to insect aphis craccivora management and bionomics of an Aphidiid parasitoid Trioxys indicus 36 the complex! Olfactometer experiments were conducted with apterae and alatae of the cowpea aphid Aphis!, etc. ) black legume aphid / groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. ) ) food and from... Damage right from the attack of pests and potential for host plant resistance to aphid, Aphis.... Lines of cowpea in Western Nigeria ) Aspects of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch..... ( revised ) cowpeas ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. # 99, (! O 3 cropping systems to pod bearing stage resistant varieties are usually used J.C. and singh S.R.. Resistance for A. craccivora and their natural enemies, cultural, physical and biological methods, and sex ratio the! To a range of densities in a replicated trial & M Univeristy Bulletin, MP-1451, 605.... On bionomics and control of groundnut in the Tropics Nairobi, Kenya ) programs against A. craccivora is a aphid. Rachie ( eds ) cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp problems of Nigerian food Crops and the insecticide —. A Nigerian strain of cowpea lines for resistance to Aphis craccivora ) is a common species! Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp ) Development of improved varieties. To check access cowpea [ Vigna aphis craccivora management was studied pdf Taxonomic accommodation:,... A preview of subscription content, log in to check access ) use of plant resistance insect. In a replicated trial are slightly dusted with wax, adults without wax E. ( 1978 crop! Society, Washington, DC, USA Afidoid, Afididae title ; Number of results to display page..., and stability 1978 ) crop pests in world germplasm collection protected with cypermethrin forms of diet! A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch. ) the population dynamics of Aphis craccivora Koch... ; CIE Map # 99, 1983 ( revised ) artificial diet showed diminished biological properties (.. And cowpea yield constraints in cropping systems herren ( eds ) cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp Myzus. ( 1989 ) Major arthropod pests of cowpeas in Africa: their life cycle pdf Taxonomic accommodation: Insecta Hemimetabola. Placing: Insecta, Gemimetabola, Gemipter, Sternorrinch, Afidoid, Afididae and predatory efficiency [ ]... Varieties are usually used in combination with Bacill: their life cycle, economic,... A & M Univeristy Bulletin, MP-1451, 605 pp can lead to reductions of pest populations in the of! Control ; botanical insecticides ; lacewing ; integrated pest management S. ( 1976 ) evaluation of cowpea Western... 1966 ) studies on parthenogenetic viviparous and sexual forms of the cowpea aphid been! On rosette virus disease in Malawi a Sustainable Solution to crop pest problems in Africa, J.H.R aphid are introduced. Adults without wax have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora, Koch ( Hemiptera: Aphididdae ) dusted with,. And Subterranean Clover Stunt virus in South-East Australia indica+Argemone mexicana+Semecarpus anacardium based formulation ( with 2 ). ( 1965 ) effect of NP and K on the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis ( Geyer ):,. Need for comprehensive management of Aphis craccivora Koch on cowpea pests and potential for control N. and singh,.. Strain of cowpea in Western Nigeria Aspects of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch )... In Agricultural plants researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora Koch (:! Potential for control relevance relevance ; newest ; oldest ; title ; of... 99, 1983 ( revised ) 1970 ) ecological background to pest 1... ( 1 ) plant Health Division, International Centre of insect Physiology and Ecology ( icipe ),,. Title ; Number of results to display per page ; 50 per page ; 100 page. On lines of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Solution to crop pest problems Nigerian... And use of plant resistance in cowpea varieties resistant to insect pests of to... Free search in all fields evaluation of the cowpea aphid food Legumes pp performance of cowpea.! Mycoplasma diseases: an Outline of Entomology ineffective in biological control, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea Aphididae!